What is a quorum?

Q:

We're a new commitee (Parent Council or PTA) and we are struggling with how we run our meetings. Someone has mentioned we need a quorum. What is a quorum?

A:

This is the number of people who must be present at a meeting to make valid decisions. Constitutions usually give two different numbers - the quorum for Parent Council/PTA committee meetings and the quorum for AGMs. In our model constitution we recommend a third of members of the Parent Council/PTA committee, at least two of whom are office bearers.

Useful resource: A Model Constitution for Parent Councils.